Career planning is the process through which an individual maps out a path to achieve their career ambitions. By defining what role they would like in the future, people find it much easier to determine how they can get there. This may be through new job opportunities, training, and education.
For example, if you want to be a CEO in 10 years, you may need to take on management responsibility soon so that you can start developing your leadership skills. Career planning may be done by the individual; however, many HR teams will help their staff with career planning as part of their succession planning initiatives.