Competency modeling is the process through which the components required for success in a particular role are defined. It includes a number of competencies that the person filling a position must have in order to perform well.
Competency modelling plays a crucial role in informing recruitment processes, as it helps if hiring managers know what to look for in a candidate. They can also be important for training and development to highlight what training is necessary for the incumbent. Competency models can be created not just for specific positions but for groups of jobs, companies, or industries requiring similar skills.